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Home Education List of Science Subjects in Nigerian Secondary Schools

List of Science Subjects in Nigerian Secondary Schools

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This article provides a list of all the Science subjects in Nigerian secondary schools.

If you just entered Senior Secondary School 1 (SSS 1), then you are definitely interested in knowing the subjects you need to offer.

There are millions of aspiring scientists in Nigeria, many of whom aren’t quite familiar with the science subjects just yet.

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Oxford dictionary defines Science as the intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behaviour of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment..

Needless to say, Science plays an extremely important role in our generation. Therefore, every school must ensure proper treatment of students aspiring to be scientists.

Some Science subjects are extremely important and, as such, every secondary school must provide teachers for them. On the other hand, some subjects are optional.

Nevertheless, I believe secondary schools must endeavor to provide teachers for almost all the Science subjects, as it will help the students have abundant options to choose from.

List of Science subjects in Nigerian Secondary Schools:

Below are all the Science subjects students can offer in Nigerian secondary schools:

  1. English Language
  2. General Mathematics
  3. Further Mathematics
  4. Physics
  5. Biology
  6. Chemistry
  7. Agricultural Science
  8. Animal Husbandry
  9. Health Education
  10. Physical Education
  11. Fisheries

Aside from the subjects listed above, science students can decide to offer any of the general subjects listed below:

  • Civic Education
  • C.R.K
  • Dyeing & Bleaching
  • Economics
  • Geography
  • History
  • Islamic Studies
  • Leather Goods Manufacturing & Repairs
  • Mining
  • Music
  • Photography
  • Painting & Decorating
  • Tourism
  • Visual Art
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Note: Not all the secondary schools in Nigeria can afford to provide teachers for all the above subjects; however, among the list you’ll find subjects that are compulsory and, therefore, must be catered for under all circumstances.

Keep reading to find out the compulsory ones from the list….

More on some of the Science subjects in Nigerian secondary schools

English Language

English language is one of the most important subjects in Nigerian secondary schools. It is compulsory to write and pass in both WAEC and JAMB irrespective of the course you wish to study.

Every Secondary school must provide capable teachers for this subject, since no one can do without it.


Britannica defines Mathematics as the the science of structure, order, and relation that has evolved from counting, measuring, and describing the shapes of objects.

It is also a general subject in all secondary school in Nigeria, and students of all classes (art, science and commercial) offer it. In addition, WAEC, and most schools in Nigeria, make Maths a must register and must pass.


According to Wikipedia: “Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves.”

This explains why so much importance is placed on it in Nigerian Secondary School. If you’re not offering physics, then you’re certainly not a science students.

Although it compulsory for all science students to register for physics in their SSCE exams, it is may not be compulsory to pass it. Everything depends on the course you applied for in the university.


Chemistry is also one of the fundamental science subjects in Nigeria secondary schools. No school can do without a science student. The subject studies the composition, properties, and reactivity of matter.

It is compulsory to register for it in WAEC; however, registering for it in JAMB is optional, depending on the course you applied for in the university of polytechnic.


Wikipedia defines biology as the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical processes, molecular interactions, physiological mechanisms, development and evolution.

In Nigerian secondary school, biology is one of the fundamental science subjects science students must offer. Furthermore, they must register for it in WAEC. As for JAMB it is optional, depending on your intended field of study.

Civic Education

Civic Education is also a general subject in Nigerian secondary schools, whether you’re an Science student or not. In recent WAEC exams, candidates were compelled to register for it.


Economics is not really an Science subject but, rather, a Social Science subject.; however, it is one of the elective Science subjects in Nigerian secondary schools.

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